Description & extraction:
This evergreen tree can grow up to 40 meters,and has a flat crown. The bark is a reddish-brown that is deeply fissured with needle,like gray to green leaves that grow in pairs, orange-yellow flowers, and pointed brown cones. It is not as readily available as regular pine trees accounting for the price discrepancy.
The main components include α-terpineol (30.2%), linalool (24.47%), limonene (17.01%), anethole (14.57%), caryophyllene (3.14%), and eugenol (2.14%).
Pine needle essential oil showed remarkable antioxidant activity in scavenging free radicals, in lipid peroxidation, and in reducing power assays.
-0.5o To +0.75o
1.4750 To 1.4798